English lavender

herb, spice and it smells nice

The true lavender belongs to the Lamiaceae family. It grows up to half a meter high and is a semi-shrub with narrow, opposite hairs and silvery gray hairs. On shoots that start in the spring, the leaves are larger and less hairy. Purple-blue flowers look like rare spikes. The stamens are four, two longer and two shorter. It blooms from June to September. Real lavender grows in dry and rocky areas. It does not grow wild in Slovenia, but we cultivate it. Originally from the Mediterranean, it is also grown in the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, the United States (mainly California) and Australia (mainly Tasmania).

Ingredients and ingredients:

Lavender contains from 0.5-1.5% of essential oil, which consists of more than 100 different components. One of the main components is linalool, which is monoterpene alcohol in structure. In addition to linalool, linalyl acetate and small amounts of borneol, isoborneol, cineole, coumarin, and camphor are an important component. Lavender also contains lamiaceous type chives (12%), as well as saponins, resin and bitterness.

The lavender comes from Arab lands and is at least 2500 years old. In 600 BC. they brought it from the Greek island of Hyeres and spread it throughout Europe. Due to the fresh smell, it was used by the ancient Greeks and Romans to scent baths and rooms. However, Queen Elizabeth of England used it as toilet water. In the Middle Ages, lavender was used to persecute lice, and from the 15th century on, they also made lavender perfume. In the Middle Ages, it was also assumed that lavender repelled the plague. According to tales, the plague was supposed to ignore medieval glove makers, and people associated it with lavender. Since then, many people in infectious areas have worn a bundle of dried lavender among their clothing.

It was brought to America by the first immigrants at the beginning of the 17th century. Much later, during World War I, lavender hydrosol or rosewater was used by nurses because it had an antibacterial effect.

The influence of essential oils on the physical and mental well-being of humans has been extensively researched by the French chemist Rene-Maurice Gateffosse, who was the first to introduce the term aromatherapy. He discovered the healing power of essential oils. Namely, while working in the laboratory, a part of his hand was burned, which he quenched with either hydrolat or rose water of lavender since that moment was the only liquid nearby. He noticed that the burns healed very quickly without any serious consequences.